Basics & Fundamentals


ECG Basics & Fundamentals: chest pain in young patient with no known cardiac risk factors

A 35-year-old man with no PMHx presents to the ED with dull burning chest pain that radiates to his left arm. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: when a T wave inversion in lead aVL matters

A 45-year-old woman presents to the ED with severe heartburn. Her pain is associated with dyspnea and diaphoresis. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: electrical cardioversion of an unstable regular wide complex tachycardia

A 50-year-old man is brought to the ED with a regular wide complex tachycardia (RWCT) shown below. He is pain free with a normal blood pressure and mental status. His…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: A systematic approach to EGC interpretation and using differentials for ST segment elevation

A 61-year-old man presents to the ED with malaise, nausea and lightheadedness. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: when does the QRS complex end and the ST segment begin in RBBB

A 67-year-old woman with PMHx of Diabetes is brought in by ambulance for 2 hours of chest pain. At arrival she reports mild associated arm pain. The following ECG is…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: diagnostic criteria for acute pericarditis

A 38-year-old man presents with mid-sternal, sharp chest pain. The pain is non-radiating, worse when supine, and is not associated with any diaphoresis or vomiting. The following ECG is done:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: inspecting T waves closely, looking for buried P waves

A 65-year-old man presents to the ED with malaise, cough, and vomiting. The following ECG was obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: dynamic ischemic ECG changes in ACS

A 41-year-old male with no past medical history is brought into the ED with bilateral shoulder pain that has been intermittent throughout the day. On arrival the pain is mild,…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: reflux, burping, and improvement with antacids…can’t be cardiac, right?

A 71-year-old man with history of diabetes & HTN presents to the ED with chest discomfort and burping over the past few days. The discomfort has increased over the past…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: using a systematic approach to identify the cause of ST segment elevation

A 49-year-old man presents to the ED with nausea, lightheadedness, arthralgias and malaise. He appears dehydrated but has an otherwise normal exam. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: can torsades cause seizures?

A 55-year-old man presents to the ED after a witnessed seizure and is somnolent on arrival. He wakes up enough to mumble answers to a few questions but then becomes…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: a 5 step approach to ECG interpretation and how to think of differential diagnoses

HPI: A 70-year-old man presents with generalized malaise. He has a history of ESRD and has missed dialysis this week. The following ECG is obtained: Case ECG   Before watching…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: you don’t always need ST segment elevation to benefit from acute reperfusion therapy

HPI: A 75-year-old male with a history of hypertension presents to the ED with substernal chest pressure. There is no associated diaphoresis or nausea. The following ECG was obtained. Case…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: a systemactic approach to ECG interpretation

HPI:  A 78-year-old male presents to the ED complaining of generalized weakness. Case ECG

ECG basics and fundamentals: Prehospital STEMI activations with a review of the literature

50-year-old woman with a PMHx of DM and obesity presents with dizziness and sub-acute back pain. She also reports myalgias and anorexia. She denies any associated chest pain, and is…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: “just because electrocardiography is a basic skill in medicine, doesn’t mean that our ECG skills should be basic”

HPI: 43-year-old male presents with mid-sternal chest tightness. History is otherwise limited. Vitals: HR-110, otherwise normal vitals. Case ECG

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