Basics & Fundamentals

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STAT ECG Diagnoses: the basics of left bundle branch blocks (LBBB) and how to identify occlusion MI in these patients

A 65-year-old man presents to the ED with chest pain and diaphoresis concerning for an acute coronary syndrome. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics and Fundamentals: the value of ignoring the ECG computer interpretation and looking closely at all 12 leads

A 48-year-old female presents to the ED with palpitations and near-syncope. She reports multiple episodes of palpitations in the past that have not been evaluated. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics and Fundamentals: limb lead reversal

A 82-year-old woman presents to the ED “not feeling well”. She reports malaise, mild dyspnea, but denies any pain. Vital signs are normal. The following ECG is obtained on arrival…

ECG Basics and Fundamentals: the isoelectric baseline used to evaluate ST segment deviation

A 45-year-old woman presents to the ED with severe chest pain. She is minimally cooperative when trying to obtain a history and is requesting pain medication for severe pain. Physical…

ECG Basics and Fundamentals: the basics of left bundle branch block (LBBB) and how to diagnose acute coronary occlusion myocardial infarction in these patients

A 65-year-old man presents to the ED with chest pain and diaphoresis concerning for an acute coronary syndrome. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics and Fundamentals: normal pediatric ECGs and how they differ from normal adult ECGs

 A 6-year-old female is brought into the ED for chest pain. The following ECG was obtained:

STAT ECG Diagnoses: left bundle branch block (LBBB) basics and expected findings with a focus on how to diagnose acute coronary occlusion myocardial infarction in these patients

A 85-year-old woman with a known history of LBBB presents to the ED with chest pain concerning for acute ischemia. The following ECG is obtained: 

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: how reliable are reciprocal changes in the diagnosis of STEMI and identication of acute coronary occlusion MI?

A 35-year-old man is brought into the ED by ambulance for chest pain. The following prehospital ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: cardiac rhythm strips and how to identify the three main types of ventricular tachycardia

A 58-year-old woman with PMHx of HTN and polysubstance abuse presents to the ED after a syncopal episode. She has been having nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. She is noted to…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: ventricular rhythms to be aware of in patients with cardiac ischemia

A 50-year-old man presents to the ED with ischemic chest pain concerning for acute MI. During his work up and observation, he clinically improves but is noted to have a…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: how common is artifact?

A 72-year-old man presents to the ED with near-syncope. During his evaluation he has a 20-second run of the following rhythm captured on 12-lead ECG monitoring:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: new tall upright T waves in lead V1

A 53-year-old woman with PMHx of HTN and DM presents with atypical chest pain. She is noted to have a completely normal baseline ECG. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics and Fundamentals: right axis deviation differential and ST segment elevation in rightward leads

A 48-year-old woman presents to the ED with chest pain and near syncope. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics and Fundamentals: A stepwise approach to ECG interpretation and how to use differential diagnoses to make critical clinical diagnoses

A 40-year-old man presents to the ED with altered mental status and appears critically ill. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: interval abnormalities can cause clinical uncertainty

A 40-year-old man presents with concerning chest pain. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: normal and expected findings in right bundle branch block (RBBB) vs patients with occlusion MI

A 61-year-old male with PMHx of atrial fibrillation on anticoagulation presents to the ED with chest pain for 1 day after eating beef stew. He is concerned about having bad…

ECG Basics and Fundamentals: expected ECG findings in right ventricular (RV) paced rhythms

 A 71-year-old male with PMHx of hypertension and pacemaker placement presents to the ED with chest pain, nausea, diaphoresis, and shortness of breath. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: low voltage QRS complexes and sinus tachycardia

A 50-year-old woman has a syncopal episode as she is walking into her oncologist’s office. After her episode she states she feels unwell and has vague discomfort. The patient is…

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: criteria for low voltage QRS complexes and poor R wave progression

A 42-year-old male presents to the emergency department with midsternal chest pressure. He has no past medical history or risk factors. The following ECG is obtained:

ECG Basics & Fundamentals: hyperacute T waves

A 59-year-old male presented to the emergency department with chest pain. The following ECG is obtained:

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